Thus, scientific community would be able to facilitate more rapid development with the financial support of wealthy countries. The last and most emotional claim that is used is that embryonic stem cells could save so many lives. This would be analogous to ask if it would be permissible to affirmatively kill one person if one knew that the killing would save two other lives?
This is a ludicrous question to ask, and the answer is no. Most people do know someone that is or has suffered from a horrible disease of accident that may potentially be cured or treated one day by embryonic stem cells. But, the emotional play for support does not take away from the fact that lives must be destroyed in order for the research to be conducted.
Just like in Nazi Germany, numerous, spectacular advances in medicine were made at the expense of innocent lives. So, the destruction of human life does not justify the exploration of medical treatments that may save lives one day. We should be focused on other forms of cures and therapies.
Not only is the killing of a human embryo for the purpose of scientific experimentation unethical, there are alternatives to using embryonic stem cells. The first alternative is the use of adult stem cells. Adult stem cells have been shown to provide results that embryonic stem cells have promised to present in theory alone.
There are three reasons that adult stem cell research replaces the need for embryonic stem cell research: Research shows that 1 adult stem cells are multi-potent 2 there are medical treatment advantages that adult stem cells have over embryonic stem cells 3 testing of adult stem cells in humans that is under way now.
First, there are several studies that show that adult stem cells have plasticity. Plasticity is the ability of a stem cell from one type of tissue to differentiate into many different types of cells.
For example, in a study conducted by the University of Minnesota in , scientists examine a cell within the human bone marrow called a mesenchymal stem cell, MAPC. After the first Minnesota experiment with adult stem cells, it seems that in the last few years there has been an explosion of interest in adult stem cells. Another research success from the University of Minnesota following the experiment extols the ability of the adult bone marrow stem cells to differentiate into cells found in the brain.
Adult stem cells were injected in to a mouse blastocyst and found later in several parts of the mouse brain. The result is that both cells are present in those regions, and the researchers feel that they will be successful in treating mice and rats with neurological disorders as a next step Youngerman, An April experiment conducted by Angelo Vescovi in Milan has injected human adult stem cells into monkeys with nerve and brain damage, mimicking multiple sclerosis, after experiments in rats seemed to offer promising results.
Rat adult neural stem cells had been injected into rats with nerve and brain damage, and in the postmortems, the donor stem cells had migrated and repaired the damaged areas. The donor cells even restored the myelin sheaths of the nerve cells that had been worn away.
The scientists hope this experiment might lead to some treatment of MS Coghlan, Since scientists are nearly able to duplicate results from research on embryonic stem cells with adult stem cells, embryonic stem cell research should be abandoned to concentrate on the much less controversial adult stem cells. I was able to identify three areas where adult stem cells have an advantage over embryonic stem cells: immune system reactions, appropriate developmental instructions and teratoma formations. When embryonic stem cells are implanted into a host, there seems to be significant immune system reaction.
According to several studies, adult stem cells have the amazing property of causing little or no immune reaction when implanted. This means that creating a genetically identical stem cell line for therapy, this means cloning, would not be necessary with adult stem cell therapy Pagan-Westphal, Instead of individuals having to use their own cells, donors would be able to provide the necessary cells for the therapy.
Or, stem cells could be harvested from the patient, then expanded in vitro, and finally reintroduced back into the patient for therapy Stem Cells: A Primer, The immaturity seems to be a stumbling block for embryonic stem cells. Regenerative effects occur after exposing adult stem cells to certain hormones after grafting the cells into a patient which cause the cells to act in a desired manner; however, embryonic stem cells lack this important ability Shahin, Last, embryonic stem cell researchers have come across problems regarding tumors.
In some experiments using rats, some twenty percent of the rats formed a tumor called a teratoma instead of regenerating healthy cells Goodenough, A teratoma is a tumor composed of three embryonic germ layers and usually occurs in the ovaries and testis Stem Cells: A Primer, So, it seems that the developmental instructions from embryonic stem cells are innate and produce unwanted, nonfunctional cells.
Teratomas, however, have not occurred in adult stem cell experiments. The conclusion is that there are at least three unresolved complications that embryonic stem cell research would have to overcome before even beginning human experimentation. Third, there is testing of adult stem cells in humans that is under way now. Adult stem cell research is far ahead of embryonic stem cell research in the ability to test and treat human conditions in the year While embryonic stem cell research is still in a stage of research that is filled with nothing more than possibilities with critical questions that are yet to be answered, adult stem cell research is striving ahead with human experimentation.
This means that adult stem cells are much closer to real-world applications and cures than embryonic stem cells. The director of Australasian Bioethics Information, Dr. I agree with the doctor. Since such progress is being made with adult stem cells, and treatments are being developed in in the United States and abroad, there should be no more funding and effort wasted on the study of human embryonic stem cells. Funding should go to studies like one published in January of where scientists determine that transplanted bone marrow is able to generate new neurons in the human brain Mesey, Because of previous experiments involving adult stem cells, the lead scientist in the transplanted bone marrow experiment, Dr.
In the experiment, four women with leukemia and immune disease underwent bone marrow transplants with donor marrow coming from male donors.
A post-mortem reveals that all four women had working neurons with Y-chromosomes in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the brain. The scientists conclude that donor adult stem cells are able to proliferate and repair tissues damaged from neurodegenerative diseases and trauma. This is an example of an emerging use of adult stem cells.
Embryonic stem cell researchers in cannot boast of a successful attempt, or any attempt at all, at human experimentation. In an example of current therapy adult stem cells are being used for is the treatment of cancer patients. The new stem cells are able to produce red and white blood cells to replace those lost in the chemotherapy; thus, lessening the recovery time and severity of a chemotherapy treatment Stem Cell for Cancer, Embryonic stem cell therapy has no out-of-the laboratory applications in early The energy that is being focused on embryonic research should be refocused on research that has the potential to produce applicable human therapies and cures in the near future.
Your custom homework help is one click away! Furthermore, using these stem cells could also allow scientists to discover the genes that are triggered in response to certain cellular conditions that cause rapid, unchecked cell growth or irregular cellular patterns. Retrieved from Web site on 15 March, Read more. Stem Cell Are Commonly Known. A pre-embryo is the fertilized cell that has not yet been planted into the human host. Understanding stem cells may provide keys to why people age Young,
In , embryonic stem cell research does not even have a human application available at any time in the foreseeable future. The second alternative to embryonic stem cell research is cancer cell research. I have a hypothesis that my professor suggests that cancer cells may have the potential for regenerative therapies. Because stem cells cause proliferation and cancer cells do as well, these two types of cells may have more in common than thought in early To go along with my hypothesizing about the uses of cancer cells to treat some degenerative diseases and trauma patients, I have found a medical community that may be looking at cancer cells with the same potential to perform functions stem cells perform Stanford Biology Institute, At Stanford University Medical Center, an anonymous donor has given twelve million dollars to create an institute to study both cancer cells and stem cells.
I am unable to find much more relating to cancer cell potentials, but I believe the Stanford Institute will open a new alternative to embryonic stem cell research. I believe cancer cells have the ability to be harnessed and turned into cures for other diseases.
There just needs to be research focused on the possibility for cancer cells to be used to treat similar diseases that stem cells have the potential to treat. Shifting the scientific energy away from embryonic stem cells to cancer cells would be a dual-disciplined approach to searching for the solutions for trauma patients or patients with a number of horrible, degenerative diseases.
It has been brought to my attention that regulation of research may cause America to lose its superiority in the world at some time in the future. I would like to respond to this notion of a loss of power by pointing out four lines of reason that contradict this argument. First, I believe the same goals of embryonic stem cell research can be met by other means as I have described in this paper. Two alternatives that I have presented are adult stem cell research and cancer cell research.
The focus of the development of medical cures should be shifted from the controversial embryonic stem cell research to other areas that could potentially have the same benefits.
Second, I am not advocating putting handcuffs or mittens on the scientific community; contrarily, I just want the scientific community to behave in an ethical manor. Great design that is not affordable benefits no one. Perfect execution of the plan. Everything is in place and accounted for. All goals achieved. All deadlines met. With two back variations and arm options, this is a guest chair collection designed to adapt. Back options include a choice of a wood slat design or an upholstered back panel to suit any space or personal taste.
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Whether stem cell research will have a similar effect remains to be determined, but the promise is so great that it seems wise to consider seriously how best to. In conclusion, even though people say it is not ethical or right to do stem cell research, scientist should continue using stem cells because the embryos that are.
Need a simple way to get up and running fast? Differentiate is when the stem cells turn in more specialized cells that make up our tissues and organs The process of embryonic stem cell research is destructive and should be stopped, because of the controversy caused by destroying an embryo, the unpredictability of the process, and the amount of money being poured into it News from media suggests stem cell treatment is close to being available to patients to treat wide varieties of diseases and injuries. However, further research is necessary before stem-cell-based therapy can be carried out in clinics safely and effectively.
The Majority of stem cell treatments are in early stages of research and development, but with the recent rapid advancement in science and technology, stem cell therapies are likely to be just around the corner What if the life you are destroying has no thoughts, no memories.
What if it is alive but not truly living. That is the ethical dilemma for embryonic stem cell research. Is it right to use and study stem cells from human fetuses, to potentially lengthen the life of a terminally ill cancer patient. While some would say no right off the bat, if they were properly educated on the subject, they might just change their minds. Embryonic stem cells ESCs are stem cells derived from the undifferentiated inner mass cells of a human embryo By doing so, the president has begun taking steps, albeit small steps, toward advancing medical treatments and ushering in a new age of man, an age where diabetes and other severely debilitating diseases are now curable.
Stem cell research has always been highly opposed due to a vague understanding of the subject by the general population who are only aware of the ethical dilemmas that arise because of how it is portrayed by the media and protesters Through this recent time there have been many people and religious organizations who have come out as advocates for the research while there has also been many that have come out against the use of these methods.