Does the argument make sense to you? Does it persuade you? How has this book helped you understand the subject? Would you recommend the book to others? Question to ask may include: Who is the author? The nationality, political persuasion, training, intellectual interests, personal history, and historical context may provide crucial details about how a work takes shape. Does it matter, for example, that the author is affiliated with a particular organization? What difference would it make if the author participated in the events he or she writes about?
What other topics has the author written about? Does this work build on prior research or does it seem to represent a new area of research? What is the book's genre? Out of what discipline does it emerge? Does it conform to or depart from the conventions of its genre? These questions can provide a historical or other contextual standard upon which to base your evaluations. If you are reviewing the first book ever written on the subject, it will be important for your readers to know this. Structure and Writing Style I. Bibliographic Information Provide the essential information about the book using the writing style asked for by your professor [e.
Reviewed by [your name]. If you find it difficult to discern the overall aims and objectives of the book [and, be sure to point this out in your review if you believe it to be a deficiency], you may arrive at an understanding of the purpose by asking yourself the following questions: Scan the Table of Contents because it can help you understand how the book is organized and will aid in determining the author's main ideas and how they are developed [e. Why did the author write on this subject rather than on some other subject?
From what point of view is the work written?
What is the general field or genre, and how does the book fit into it? Review related literature from other books and journal articles to familiarize yourself with the field, if necessary. Who is the intended audience? What is the author's style? Is it formal or informal? You can evaluate the quality of the writing style by noting some of the following standards: coherence, clarity, originality, forcefulness, correct use of technical words, conciseness, fullness of development, and fluidity.
How did the book affect you? Were any prior assumptions you had on the subject changed, abandoned, or reinforced due to this book? How is the book related to your own course or personal agenda? What personal experiences have you had that relate to the subject? How well has the book achieved its goal s?
Would you recommend this book to others? Note the Method Illustrate your remarks with specific references and quotations that help to illustrate the literary method used to state the research problem, describe the research design, and analyze the findings. Description presents background and setting. Its primary purpose is to help the reader realize, through as many sensuous details as possible, the way persons, places, and things are within the phenomenon being described. Narration : The author tells the story of a series of events, usually thematically or in chronological order.
In general, the emphasis in non-fiction books is on narration of the events. Narration tells what has happened and, in some cases, using this method to project what will happen. Its primary purpose is to draw the reader into a story and create a contextual framework for understanding the research problem.
Exposition : The author uses explanation and analysis to present a subject or to clarify an idea. Exposition presents the facts about a subject or an issue clearly and as impartially as possible.
If you want to get reliable help with your research paper, choose professional academic services. Gray notes that just like written essays, essay films "tend to marry the personal voice of a guiding narrator often the director with a wide swath of other voices". Review the topics on your outline. They focus on the big picture, not specific details. Employees may be fired for plagiarism and do irreparable damage to their professional reputation. Needless to say, English grammar can be difficult and complex; even the best scholars take many years before they have a command of the major points of good grammar. Understanding how the movement of thought is managed through an essay has a profound impact on its overall cogency and ability to impress.
Its primary purpose is to describe and explain, to document for the historical record an event or phenomenon. Argument : The author uses techniques of persuasion to establish the truth of a statement, often in the form of a research question, or to convince the reader of its falsity. The overall aim is to persuade the reader to believe something and perhaps to act on that belief.
Critically Evaluate the Contents Critical comments should form the bulk of your book review. Ask yourself: Has the purpose of the book been achieved? What contribution does the book make to the field? Is the treatment of the subject matter objective? Are there facts and evidence that have been omitted?
What kinds of data, if any, are used to support the author's thesis statement? Can the same data be interpreted to alternate ends? Is the writing style clear and effective? Does the book raise important or provocative issues or topics for discussion and further research?
What has been left out? Examine the Front Matter and Back Matter Back matter refers to any information included after the final chapter of the book. The following front matter may be included in a book and should be considered for evaluation when reviewing the overall quality of the book: Table of contents --is it clear? Is it detailed or general? Does it reflect the true contents of the book? Author biography --also found as back matter, the biography of author s can be useful in determining the authority of the writer and whether the book builds on prior research or represents new research.
In scholarly reviews, noting the author's affiliation can be a factor in helping the reader determine the overall validity of work [i. Foreword --in scholarly books, a foreword may be written by the author or an expert on the subject of the book. The purpose of a foreword is to introduce the reader to the author as well as the book itself, and to help establish credibility for both. The student is to provide in-depth research on information by presenting all the acquired facts, statistics, figures, and data, before carrying out the subject topic assignment. It involves conducting comprehensive research in a selected field for the sake of either informing or explaining something to the reader in a manner they can easily understand.
The research paper may involve thorough and investigative research through the use of literary or other available sources, as well as original research, such as an experiment or case study. Apart from allowing the student to be judgemental and critical, research paper gives them an opportunity to present their own point of view to the reader in an easy-to-understand way. It also aims to engage the reader by arousing their interest. The research paper should be impersonal, so avoid using personal pronouns such as "I" or "you" in your statements.
The reader is usually presented with a new viewpoint at the end, but like in the case with an essay, it's also important to find a way to engage them by inspiring their curiosity. Just like the essay, the research paper also comprises various paragraphs. The structure is somewhat different, but the information provided in each of the paragraphs should be in an easy-to-follow sequence so that the reader does not waste their time trying to sort out some irrelevant facts and ideas.
The student can choose any type of structure that they feel can be interesting to the reader. Let's have a look at the basic structure of the research paper:. The structure of a research paper is pretty much similar to that of the essay, which makes them the two most popular types of academic papers. Place an Order. Asked on 21 Jan, A research paper is based on original research. The kind of research may vary depending on your field or the topic experiments, survey, interview, questionnaire, etc. The research paper will be based on the analysis and interpretation of this data. A review article or review paper is based on other published articles.
It does not report original research. Review articles generally summarize the existing literature on a topic in an attempt to explain the current state of understanding on the topic. Review articles can be of three kinds:. Review papers form valuable scientific literature as they summarize the findings of existing literature. So readers can form an idea about the existing knowledge on a topic without having to read all the published works in the field. Well-written review articles are popular, particularly in the field of medicine and healthcare.
Most reputed journals publish review articles. However, you should check the website of the journal you wish to get published in to see if they accept such articles. If published in a good peer-reviewed journal, review articles often have a high impact and receive a lot of citations. Answered by Editage Insights on 30 Mar, Answered by Abubakar Ijaz on 03 Nov, Answered by aicha aicha on 15 Nov, Hi everyone.
I am a new here. I think that a research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author's original research on a particular topic.
Book reports share some similarity with essay writing: both can rely on However, essays are significantly more complex than book reports, in both the forms an along with other basic information such as the title and name of the author. Similarities Between Essays & Research Papers · Differences in Narrative vs. But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper? . Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone.