Quotations in research papers

Working with Quotations

In the urban south, Southern Min as home language is still in a stronger position than in the urban north of Taiwan Liu, , p. Written character-based languages do not always match up with every word and phrase in Latin script languages. Because we cannot measure how exact any given translation is, APA guidelines say that it would be incorrect to put quotation marks around the words you have translated. If you read a translated work and you then use a direct quotation from that translated source in your own paper, you do need to put quotation marks around the passage in question — just as for any other direct citation.

Chinese Quotations in English Research Papers

I hope this post has shed some more light on English quotations translated from character-based languages. Challenge of using this strategy: An overdependence on block quotation may suggest that 1 the essay is being padded for length; 2 writers using block quotations are not exhibiting their critical thinking and writing as much as they are collecting the thoughts of other writers; or 3 the writer should consider paraphrase as a way to communicate the same idea with less dependence on direct quotation.

Definition: The use of information from a source that has been reinterpreted and rewritten in the words, structure, and context of a different author. Quotation marks are not required for the paraphrased use of a source, but the source must still be cited.

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Attempts to define writing as a tool suggest that it is strictly a utilitarian activity, when in fact, writing is a product and component of language and cannot be used and then set aside in the same manner as a tool Welch , In addition, it also signifies that you have synthesized the information and that you can present the information in a new way for a different audience.

Faulty paraphrasing, when writers use exact wording or sentence structure without also using quotation marks, is not only incorrect but can be considered plagiarism—whether it was intentional or accidental. If you have questions about integrating outside sources in your writing you have a number of options.


Do I have to present the quotation in both the original language and in translation, or do I present only the original or only a translation? Related Posts. Leki, I. Another possible way of citing a shorter quote is giving the quote, followed by the proper citation then you conclude by commenting on the same trying to explain its meaning. Additional Resources for Grants and Proposal Writing. Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: According to Hertzberg , Dahl gives the U.

First, ask your instructor for guidance. As always, review the citation style guide you are using to see more examples of these integration strategies.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 11. Citing Sources

Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough. Learn how to cite the use of a source in the text of your paper. Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper.

How I Organize Sources and Citations for Papers and Research Projects with Google Sheets

Find models and suggestions for citing Creative Commons images, video clips, music, or other materials. Learn how to create an annotated bibliography for a class assignment or for your own use as a researcher and writer.

Learn more about Zotero — a citation management tool to help you keep track of and organize various references for papers and projects. Search Site. Today's Hours Integrating Sources in the Text of Your Paper.

When to quote

Direct Quotation Definition : The use of the exact words of the writer, often in complete sentences, surrounded by quotation marks. Benefit of using this strategy : There is never any doubt that you have given credit to the source. Partial Direct Quotation used to remove text from the middle of a quotation Definition: The use of a direct quotation in which a middle section of the quote has been removed.

Why Should You Paraphrase?

Partial Direct Quotation used in the same sentence along with your own wording Definition: The use of a direct quotation in which the beginning or end of the quote has been revised so that the sentence may be introduced or completed by your own words. Format guidelines for Block Quotation: MLA: Block quotations, or direct quotations longer than 4 lines of text, should be indented one inch from the left margin.

Using Quotations | Writing Advice

Paraphrasing Definition: The use of information from a source that has been reinterpreted and rewritten in the words, structure, and context of a different author. APA Style, 6th ed. Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style , 17th ed. Chicago Author-Date Style , 17th ed. Turabian Author-Date Style , 9th ed.

MLA Formatting Quotations

How to Quote in a Research Paper. A research paper can be made stronger through the use of quotations. You may use quotes when you need to cite a key. Confused on how to integrate quotes and citations in your MLA paper? This guide covers the correct way to include in-text citations and quotes.

ASA Style, 5th ed.